Melasma or Pigmentation is a common skin condition in which dark, discoloured patches develop around the apples of your cheek.
Melasma causes these patches, that are usually symmetrical and uniform, to occur on both sides of the face and cover areas of your cheek, chin, forehead area, and the bridge of your nose. There are also chances that your neck and forearms might get pigmented too.
Even though the root causes of pigmentation are not crystal-clear, there are some factors which point to the possibility that darker-skinned individuals are more likely to get it than lighter-skinned individuals.
Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also associated with the condition. Stress and thyroid-related diseases are also likely causes of melasma. Additionally, sun exposure can cause pigmentation because ultraviolet rays affect the cells that control the pigments.
Ideally, you should go to a dermatologist and get yourself a prescription on how to deal with melasma but there are some other precautions you should start following, if you see the symptoms on your face:
1. A Good Coverage
Tinted moisturizers matching your skin tone, and sunscreen primers provide good coverage and help cover the pigmented zones.
2. A Concealer
Use a concealer for your T-zone and areas that don’t get covered with a foundation. A concealer stick covers all uneven zones and leaves your skin blemish-free.
3. Retinol-Infused Creams
Retinol-infused creams are great to create a barrier for further pigmentation. They also help clear the damage done to the skin.
4. Over-The-Counter Treatments
Over-the-counter treatments include getting ointments or peels that have the following: kojic acid, liquorice extract, topical vitamin C, white mulberry extract, or bearberry extract, which all work to lighten skin and improve dark discolouration.
5. Try A Proper Treatment
There are treatments that a dermatologist might suggest to you like a medicinal treatment or a peel from a salon. These treatments aggressively work on the damaged skin.